Circumcision for Men – Medical


Mens Clinic International

Circumcision is a simple surgical procedure that removes the foreskin – a sleeve of skin covering the tip of the penis. Although infancy is the ideal time for a circumcision, many adult men and teens seek circumcision for medical, health, sexual, cultural, religious or cosmetic reasons. However, a man does not need to have a medical reason to have a circumcision. Personal preference or social reasons are perfectly valid. In order to make an informed decision, he must carefully consider the benefits and risks. Before you view more information, you must confirm that you are currently 18 years old, or older, and that you understand that the following information is of an explicit nature.



Circumcision is a simple surgical procedure that removes the foreskin – a sleeve of skin covering the tip of the penis (Fig.1). Although infancy is the ideal time for a circumcision, many adult men and teens seek circumcision for medical, health, sexual, cultural, religious or cosmetic reasons. However, a man does not need to have a medical reason to have a circumcision. Personal preference or social reasons are perfectly valid. In order to make an informed decision, he must carefully consider the benefits and risks. Since the foreskin traps bacteria and other infectious agents, as well as accumulating malodorous smegma, its removal improves genital hygiene and reduces risk of diseases and other conditions over the lifetime of the man and his sexual partners.

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Figure1: The uncircumcised vs circumcised.


  • Circumcision eliminates the risk of phimosis, which affects 1 in 10 teenage boys and men. This condition refers to a tight foreskin that cannot be pulled back fully, so making cleaning under it, and passing urine, difficult and painful. Phimosis also increases the risk of penile cancer, and is a cause of foreskin and catheter problems in nursing homes. Circumcision also reduces the risk of paraphimosis (a tight retracted foreskin constricting the penis).


  • Reduces by 3-fold the risk of inflammation and infection of the skin of the penis. Firstly, one in 10 uncircumcised men suffer from inflammation of the head of the penis and foreskin at some time in their lives. Secondly, this rises to 1 in 3 if the uncircumcised man is diabetic. (Diabetic men also have other severe problems when uncircumcised.) In contrast only 2% of circumcised men experience such inflammation.
  • Substantially reduces the risk of urinary tract infections and consequent renal complications.


  • Over 20-fold decrease in risk of invasive penile cancer, which has a high fatality rate. One in 600 uncircumcised men get penile cancer, which consequently requires penile amputation or disfiguring surgery. This leads to impaired penile function.


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Figure 2: Anatomy of the penis.


  • Significant studies suggest that uncircumcised men have 1½ – 2 times the risk of prostate cancer, which affects 1 in 6 men.


  • Reduces by approximately 3- to 7-fold the risk of getting HIV (AIDS), during sex with an infected woman. HIV enters via the vulnerable inner lining of the foreskin of a healthy penis, but can also infect via sores anywhere on the penis (caused for example by genital herpes, balanitis or inflammation). The man’s risk, especially if uncircumcised, will be greater if he engages in unsafe sex with individuals at high risk for HIV infection. Condoms should always be used. Circumcision also affords substantial protection against thrush, as well as sexually transmitted infections such as papilloma (wart) virus, syphilis and chancroid.


  • Circumcision reduces the risk of the man’s female partner being infected by chlamydia by up to 5 times. Similarly, the risk of her getting cervical cancer (which is caused by human papillomavirus) is reduced by up to 5 times. The load of infectious bacteria and viruses that accumulate under the foreskin is delivered into the female genital tract during sex. Chlamydia has more than doubled over the past 5 years and can cause infertility (in both sexes), pelvic inflammatory disease, and ectopic pregnancy.


  • Up to 10% of males reaching adulthood uncircumcised will later require circumcision for medical reasons. Many are reluctant to go ahead with this or are incorrectly advised to ‘put up’ with the problem rather than have a circumcision. Early elective circumcision eliminates these problems before they occur

Finally, sexual function and sensation is the same or better in circumcised men. The problem of overly tender sensitivity of the head of the penis experienced by many uncircumcised men is virtually eliminated

Risks and Recovery

All surgery certainly involves some risk. However, circumcision is a very safe procedure with a complication rate of around 1%. Most complications are minor problems related to the wound and are self- limiting. Around 2-3% of men circumcised by experienced practitioners will have a minor complication such as bleeding or infection. Bleeding and infection are easily treated. Often patients may report what they perceive to be local infection; however, this is actually part of the normal healing process. The risk of serious injury is extremely rare.


  • Circumcision is not advised for men with a bleeding disorder such as hemophilia. However if it is medically necessary, it will require a specialized team of physicians.
  • A local anaesthetic (plus a mild sedative) is usually preferable for a circumcision, but some surgeons will insist on a general anaesthetic, depending in part on the circumcision technique they use. An oral analgesic medication is often prescribed. Many men find it unnecessary. Often there is very little post-operative discomfort and normal activities generally can be resumed after 24 hours. The procedure is illustrated below (Fig. 3).

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Figure 3: The procedure.

  • After surgery there is some swelling, which will resolve within a few weeks. Healing is not complete until the suture dissolves. This usually occurs within four weeks. Thereafter sexual activity may be resumed. Final cosmetic appearance takes longer.


Firstly circumcision is not a cure for HIV. That is to say that it reduces the risk of acquiring the infection. Above all, circumcision is not a substitute for condoms.  Consequently, other means of protecting oneself against this virus remain essential. It is also important to note during the healing period following circumcision sexually active men may be at a higher risk of HIV infection.

Finally, circumcision confers a lifetime of medical benefits. As a result, many uncircumcised males are at greater risk of developing medical conditions leading to possible suffering and, in some extreme cases, death. In contrast, circumcision can reduce the risk of a number of these medical conditions. The surgical risk of circumcision in a modern setting is extremely low, while the long-term functional and cosmetic outcomes are generally excellent. Men’s Clinic International offers the service of performing the circumcision procedure at a cost of R1450 (inclusive of VAT) and includes a circumcision pack for post-operative care (medication and dressings). Further, contact 0860362867 for additional information. In addition, you can SMS “cut” to 32110 and a representative will contact you to arrange an appointment. Please find clinics offering this comprehensive service listed below:

Clinics offering Circumcision

  • Alberton
  • Bellville
  • Bloemfontein
  • Boksburg
  • East London
  • Florida
  • Germiston
  • Isipingo (Durban)
  • Johannesburg
  • Klerksdorp
  • Kroonstad
  • Krugersdorp
  • Ormonde
  • Pietermaritzburg
  • Pretoria (Central)
  • Port Elizabeth
  • Pretoria (Hatfield)
  • Polokwane
  • Randburg
  • Richards Bay
  • Rustenburg
  • Secunda
  • Vereeniging
  • Welkom
  • Wynberg (Cape Town)


  1. Bailey RC, Moses S, Parker CB, et al. Male circumcision for HIV Prevention in young men in Kisumu, Kenya: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2007; 369: 643-656.
  2. Gerharz EW, Haarmann C. The first cut is the deepest? Medicolegal aspects of male circumcision. BJU International 2000; 86(3): 332.
  3. Morris J. Brian. Why circumcision is a biomedical imperative for the 21st century. Bioessays 2007; 29: 1147-1158.
  4. Moses S, Bailey RC, Ronald AR. Male circumcision: assessment of health benefits and risks. Sex Transm Infect 1998; 74: 368-373.
  5. Waskett JH. Balanitis and the uncircumcised male. Pediatrics 2005; P3R Response (12June).
  6. Wiswell TE. Circumcision circumspection. New England Journal of Medicine 1997; 336: 1244-1245.



An infant or baby is the very young offspring of humans. A newborn is an infant who is within hours, days, or up to a few weeks from birth


An offensive smell.


Smegma is described as a “cheesy substance”. Both females and males produce smegma. In males, smegma is produced and collects under the foreskin.


A catheter is a tube that can be inserted into a body cavity, duct, or vessel. Furthermore, catheters allow drainage, injection of fluids, or access by surgical instruments.

Diabetes mellitus:

Diabetes mellitus, often simply referred to as diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar, either because the body does not produce enough insulin, or because cells do not respond

Urinary tract infection:

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a bacterial infection that affects any part of the urinary tract. The main cause is Escherichia coli. Although urine contains a variety of fluids, salts, and waste products, it does not usually have bacteria in it. When bacteria get into the bladder or kidney and multiply in the urine, they may cause a UTI

Renal complications:

Kidney complications

Penile cancer:

Penile cancer is a malignant growth. The skin or the penis tissues are home to this cancer.


Amputation is the removal of a body extremity by trauma or surgery.

Prostate cancer:

Prostate cancer is a form of cancer that develops in the prostate. The prostate is a gland in the male reproductive system.

Genital herpes:

Herpes simplex is a viral disease. Both herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2 cause genital herpes. Moreover, genital herpes commonly manifests as sores on the penis (genital herpes).


Balanitis is inflammation of the glans penis.


Thrush or candidiasis is a fungal infection of any of the Candida species (all yeasts). It is also known as a yeast infection.


Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease as a result of the bacterium Treponema pallidum. The syphilis is almost always through sexual contact.


Chancroid is a sexually transmitted disease. Sexual contacts spreads this disease and as a result painful sores appear on the genitalia.


Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection as a result of the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis.


Infertility primarily refers to the biological inability of a person to contribute to conception

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease:

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, (or Pelvic Inflammatory Disorder) is an infection and inflammation of the female uterus, fallopian tubes, and/or ovaries.

Ectopic pregnancy:

An ectopic pregnancy is a complication of pregnancy as a result of the pregnancy implanting outside the uterine cavity.


Haemophilia is a group of genetic disorders that impair the body’s ability to control blood clotting or coagulation. Blood clotting or coagulation stops bleeding as a result of a broken blood vessel.

Local anaesthetic:

An anaesthetic is a drug that causes anaesthesia which is a reversible loss of sensation. Local anaesthetics cause a reversible loss of sensation for a limited region of the body while maintaining consciousness.

General anaesthetic:

An anaesthetic is a drug that causes anaesthesia which is a reversible loss of sensation. In other words, general anaesthetics cause a reversible loss of consciousness.


A suture is a medical device used to hold body tissues together. This happens after an injury or surgery.

In conclusion, Mens Clinic International deals with any sexual problems that are related to Weak Erections, Early Ejaculation, Low Libido, STIs or Circumcision. Do get in touch with us to book a consultation with our professional doctors who specialise in Men’s Sexual Health.

Contact us now to find out more about Mens Clinic prices and circumcisions. Or click here to book an appointment with one of our friendly doctors in your area.

To read more about circumcisions, click here.